Experimental Investigation of pump propagating direction in double-pass Er3+-doped fiber amplifiers


In this paper, the impacts of pump propagating direction in double-pass Erbium-doped fiber amplifier are experimentally demonstrated. The double-pass optical amplifier architecture is constructed using a fiber loop mirror that consists of a circulator to reflect the amplified signal back into the Erbium-doped fiber. The gain and noise figure performance of the double-pass optical amplifier is not affected by the direction of pump light, forwardor backward-pumped scheme. The population inversion along the Erbium-doped fiber is locked to a specific fraction due to the double-pass amplification of the signal.


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